I’ve just read Rami Zurayk’s magnificent War Diary: Lebanon 2006, a searing account of the 33-day Israel-Hizbullah war that began in July 2006, when Hizbullah carried out a cross-border raid in which 2 Israeli soldiers were kidnapped and 3 killed.
Determined to restore the ‘credibility of its military deterrent’, Israel unleashed what later became known as the ‘Dahieh doctrine’, after the Beirut district of Dahieh, which was virtually levelled during the war.
According to the 2009 Goldstone Report on Operation Cast Lead in Gaza, the essence of this ‘doctrine’ was ‘widespread destruction as a means of deterrence’ including ‘the application of disproportionate force and the causing of great damage and destruction to civilian property and infrastructure, and suffering to civilian populations.’
In 2006 this strategy was employed with devastating effect across Lebanon, in an attempt to turn the civilian population against Hizbullah. At least 1,200 people died during the war, most of them Lebanese civilians. In addition, one million Lebanese and between 300,000 to 500,000 Israelis were displaced, and 121 Israeli soldiers were killed, and huge swathes of Lebanon were bombed.
From Israel’s point of view, its strategy of terrorising the civilian population was a disastrous failure. Hizbullah did not crumble and the Lebanese population did not turn against it. When Israel carried out ground operations its troops became bogged down and out-manouvered by well-organized and well-prepared Hizbullah fighters.
By the end of war the Lebanese Resistance’s prestige was massively enhanced both inside and outside Lebanon, and a humiliated Israel was moved to make another bloody attempt attempt to restore its credibility in Gaza three years later.
The assault on Lebanon, like Operation Cast Lead, was punctuated with civilian deaths, and throughout the whole process the ‘international community’ pretty much sat back and let Israel do what it wanted without any condemnation, apart from the usual hand-wringing and sanctimonious head-shaking that usually accompanies such episodes.
An agronomist at the American University in Beirut, veteran leftist activist and the son of a Shi’a family from South Lebanon, Zurayk was in Lebanon throughout the war trying to organize food supplies for the local population and his diary is a wonderful and essential chronicle of this horrendous and criminal assault.
Alternately angry, poignant, blackly comic, despairing and humane, his diary provides a very personal perspective on the war, on Israel, and on Lebanese and Arab politics that was – and is – almost entirely absent in the Western media.
As a leftist, Zurayk is clearly ambivalent about Hizbullah, which he supported and admired for its resilience and resistance to Israel, but whose conservative social worldview he does not share. Yet he makes it quite clear why he and so many other Lebanese from many different persuasions took the same position.
Zurayk is furious at the conniving between the United Nations, Britain, the United States, all of whom were silent at the numerous civilian deaths that took place during the war, and who blocked a ceasefire to allow Israel more time to complete its war aims. He is also an astute and acid observer of the contradictory political and social forces in Lebanese society, particularly the chauvinism/bordering racism of some Lebanese Christians towards the Shi’a and the ‘colonised mind’ of its dominant Westernised French and English speaking elites.
In one characteristic passage he observes that
All this is available as an e-book from a splendid new publishing venture Just World Books, a project founded by veteran journalist, blogger and Quaker activist Helena Cobban. The publishing company has only been in existence since last year, with the aim, according to Cobban, ‘of expanding the range of discourse on the most important international issues of our day and offering a platform for some of the most overlooked (but smartest) authors writing on these matters.’
This is a fantastic contribution to these objectives, and if Just World Books can keep publishing writing of this quality, it will really make waves. You can check out their website (and buy Zurayk’s book) here: http://www.justworldbooks.com/